House of lords the upper chamber of great britain s bicameral legislature originated in the 11th century when the anglo saxon kings consulted witans councils composed of religious leaders and the monarch s ministers it emerged as a distinct element of parliament in the 13th and 14th centuries. The house of lords is not elected voted for except in the case of the holders of the seats reserved for hereditary peers who are chosen by the house.
The house of lords is the upper house of the uk parliament and is also where the queen s speech is delivered at the state opening of parliament although members of the house of commons do not.
House of lords uk. British parliament the house of lords and the house of commons is the legislative body of the united kingdom and meets in the palace of westminster. The house of lords is the second chamber of uk parliament. Like the house of commons it meets in the palace of westminster.
The other house is the house of commons together the two houses form the government and parliament of the uk. This house of lords library briefing provides summary data on the size and composition of the house of lords. The information is taken from the house of lords registry database and is correct as at 29 november 2019.
It is in london the capital city of the uk. Here is all you need to know about. 26 bishops of the church of england sit in the house of lords.
The archbishops of canterbury and of york the bishops of london of durham and of winchester and the next 21 most senior diocesan bishops with the exception of the bishop in europe and the bishop of sodor and man under the lords spiritual women act 2015 female bishops take precedence over men until may 2025. 1 the lords spiritual including the. Unlike the elected house of commons members of the house of lords excluding 90.
The house was the subject of bbc documentary meet the lords which was slammed by lord fowler the speaker for sexing up the realities of the second chamber. Find out what s on today at the house of commons and house of lords. The house of lords is one of the two houses of parliament of the united kingdom uk.
Track current bills keep up with committees watch live footage and follow topical issues. It currently comprises the following elements. The house of lords also known as the house of peers and domestically usually referred to simply as the lords is the upper house of the parliament of the united kingdom membership is granted by appointment or by heredity or official function.