The house of lancaster was the name of two cadet branches of the royal house of plantagenet the first house was created when king henry iii of england created the earldom of lancaster from which the house was named for his second son edmund crouchback in 1267. House of lancaster the name house of lancaster is commonly used to designate the line of english kings immediately descended from john of gaunt the fourth son of edward iii.
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The family name first appeared in 1267 when the title of earl of.
House of lancaster. Henry previously known as bolingbroke after bolingbroke castle where he was born and then later the duke of lancaster was the same age as his predecessor and. The house of lancaster a branch of the plantagenet family descended from john of gaunt duke of lancaster the third surviving son of king edward iii produced 3 kings of england henry iv 1367 1413 henry v 1386 1422 and henry vi 1421 1471. In the 15th century it provided three kings of england henry iv henry v and henry vi and defeated by the house of york passed on its claims to the tudor dynasty.
It was one of the opposing factions involved in the wars of the roses an intermittent civil war which affected england and wales during the 15th century. House of lancaster a cadet branch of the house of plantagenet. But the history of the family and of the title goes back to the reign of henry iii who created his second son edmund earl of lancaster in 1267.
The house of lancaster was a branch of the royal house of plantagenet. Edmund had already been created earl of leicester in 1265 and was granted the lands and privileges of simon de montfort 6th earl. Henry 4th 1399 1413 aged 32 when crowned house of lancaster the first lancastrian king with dubious claims to the throne some 8th in line who took the throne by force from richard.
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